Birds of Aruba


According of tourism folders Aruba in the Caribbean Sea situated about 24 km offshore Venezuela has 182 km2 and is 31.36 km long by 9.6 km wide. The highest point is Mount Jamanota with 185 m / al (or 617 feet).

Its capital is Oranjestad, a charming town that closely resembles the Netherlands, which is not least being that because Aruba is part of Dutch territory, although the degree of autonomy achieved long ago.

Despite being one of Aruba’s most popular resorts in the world and one of the best diving destination, with its large hotel chain, also has natural areas represented mainly by the Arikok National ParkBubali Bird Sanctuary  and   Wetlands of Palm Beach region.

Interestingly, natural areas and even in altered areas met the Divi-divi (Caesalpinia coriaria), photo below, whose distribution extends from the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America and northern South America, but they are very famous and somewhat protected in island.

Aruba has about 70 species  of birds residents and many species migrants. The rarest bird of the island is the chicken of water-Fulica caribaea (Caribbean Coot), with only about 100 individuals in the wetlands of the island, which we were lucky to see one. And Athene cunicularia arubensis ( Burrowing Owl), endemic and one of most known and protected bird of the island.

Arikok National Park created in 2000 is administered by a foundation, has 20 miles of trails and protect natural areas and arid part of the island and its coast, with caves and natural swimming pools ( But the Bubali Bird Sanctuary protects one of the main wetlands of the Caribbean, including a site is RAMPS.

But there are other flooded areas, especially in Palm Beach, home to major hotels and easy to be visited, as are adjacent to the coastal road that passes behind the hotels.In our stay in this beautiful island, we made these observations in the flooded areas, areas of hotels and visit in the afternoon of 16/11 Sancturay Bubali Bird, where he delighted in the beauty of the place.

The Bubali Plas, as is known, is a public reserve, formed by a complex of interconnected lakes and wetlands, providing an important refuge for wildlife, especially under water good to Fish-watching (Fish-watching in Aruba).

There are dozens of species living on the island and many migrants use their lakes and wetlands to rest and feed.On site there is a viewpoint of about 6 feet tall, which allows the observer to be comfortably protected from the sun and with a fantastic view of much of the area.

In November 2010;  June; and November  2011,  May 2012, November 2012, May and November 2013, May and November 2014, May and November 2015, May 2016, May and November 2018, May and november 2019, May and November 2022, May 2023 and November 2023 we were (Antonio Silveira) on the Caribbean island of Aruba, where we had the opportunity to make some observations of fauna, especially its birds. By Antonio Silveira

Following is a list of 97 species of birds observed and identified in our visits in Aruba, with annotations of sites, in alphabetical order: By Antonio Silveira


APB – flooding (wetland) of Palm Beach.

ARASHI – areas of west of the island (California lighthouse)

BABBY BEACH – region of Seroe Colorado

HPB – areas of hotels in Palm Beach

BBS – Bubali Bird Sanctuary

MMK –  Malmok region

PNA – Arikok National Park

AR-WP – Arashi and West Point regions



Actitis macularius; Spotted Sandpiper APB   BBS  (abaixo/below)

Actitis macularia-Arashi-Aruba-21-11-15-ASilveira

Anas bahamensis; White-cheeked Pintail BBS     (VIDEO)  (VIDEO)


Anas clypeata; Northern Shoveler   BBS

Anas discors; Blue-winged Teal HPB – BBS     (VIDEO) (VIDEO)


Anous minutus americanus, Black noddy

Aratinga pertinax; Brown-throated Parakeet (all areas visited)  (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Ardea alba; Great Egret APB – BBS – MMK      (VIDEO) 

Ardea herodias; Great Blue Heron BBS – APB

Arenaria interpres; Ruddy Turnstone APB         (VIDEO)

Athene cunicularia arubensis; Burrowing Owl AR-WP     (VIDEO)

Aythya affinis; Lesser Scaup  APB

Aythya collaris; Ring-necked Duck  APB

Bubulcus íbis;Cattle Egret APB BBS     (VIDEO)

Butorides virescens; Green Heron BBS (VIDEO)

Calidris alba; Sanderling  (Baby Beach)       (VIDEO)

Calidris fuscicollis, White-rumped Sandpiper

Calidris mauri; Western Sandpiper APB

Calidris melanotos; Pectoral Sandpiper  APB   (VIDEO)

Calidris minutilla; Least Sandpiper APB (yellowish legs)   (VIDEO)


Caracara plancus cheriway; Crested Caracara APB – BBS- AR-WP

Charadrius semipalmatus; Semipalmated Plover  ARASHI

Charadrius semipalmatus1-Arashi-Aruba-18-11-15-ASilveira

Charadrius vociferus; Killdeer APB   BBS     (VIDEO)

Chlorostilbon mellisugus; Blue-tailed Emerald (all areas visited)


Chloroceryle amazona; Amazon KingfisherBBS

Chrysolampis mosquitus, Ruby-topaz Hummingbird  BBS

Coccyzus americanus: Yellow-billed Cuckoo  BBS  AR-WP

Coereba flaveola; Bananaquit (all areas visited)    (VIDEO)

Colinus cristatus; Crested Bobwhite MMK     (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Columba corensis; Bare-eyed Pigeon (all areas visited)    (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Columba squamosa; Scaly-naped Pigeon APB – HPB – BBS

Columbina passerina; Common Ground-Dove (all areas visited)   (VIDEO)

Crotophaga sulcirostris; Groove-billed Ani BBS   ARASHI     (VIDEO)

Dendrocygna autumnalis; Black-bellied Whistling-Duck APB   BBS     (VIDEO)

Egretta thula; Snowy Egret APB – BBS   (VIDEO)

Egretta caerulea; Little Blue Heron APB  

Egretta rufescens; Reddish Egret APB     BBS     (VIDEO 1 whitw phase) 

Egretta tricolor; Tricolored Heron – HPB  BBS   (VIDEO)

Eudocimus albus; White Ibis  BBS  APB

 Eudocimus albus-PalmBeach-Aruba-21-5-17-ASilveira

Eudocimus ruber; Scarlet ibis  APB

Eudocimus ruber2-PalmBeach-Aruba-21-5-17-ASilveira

Falco columbarius; Merlin – HPB

Falco peregrinus; Peregrine Falcon  – AR-WP

Falco sparverius; American Kestrel – APB – HPB – BBS  (VIDEO)

Fregata magnificens; Magnificent Frigatebird (all shores)  (VIDEO)

 Fregata magnificens-f-Arashi-Aruba-16-5-17-ASilveira

Fulica americana; American Coot BBS     Observation: Different than Fulica caribaea because frontal shield small white, with small red brown on top. In F.caribaea the shield is all white and extending onto crown. I believe it is a rare record for Aruba, or the first record. (VIDEO)

Fulica caribaea; Caribbean Coot BBS       (VIDEO 1) (VIDEO 2) (VOICE)

Gallinago gallinago delicata; Wilson’s Snipe – APB    (VIDEO)

Gallinula galeata; Common Moorhen – BBS    (VIDEO)

Haematopus palliatus ; American Oystercatcher – MMK – Malmok region- AR-WP    (VIDEO)

Himantopus mexicanus; Black-necked Stilt – APB – PNA – HPB    (VIDEO)

Hirundo rustica; Barn Swallow (alls areas visited)

Icterus icterus; Troupial (all areas visited)   (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Icterus nigrogularis; Yellow Oriole  – MMK

Larus argentatus,  European herring gull  (to confirm)

Larus atricilla; Laughing Gull (all cost and Arikok NP and cost of Palm Beach and Arashi)   (VIDEO)

Leptotila verreaux; White-tipped DoveMMK

Machetornis rixosa; Cattle Tyrant  – MMK

Megaceryle alcyon; Belted Kingfisher

Micropalama himantopus; Stilt Sandpiper –  APB   (VIDEO)

Mimus gilvus; Tropical Mockingbird (all areas visited)   (VIDEO) (VIDEO)

Molothrus bonariensis; Shiny Cowbird HPB

Numenius phaeopus; Whimbrel (Baby Beach)   (VIDEO)

Nycticorax nycticorax; Black-crowned Night-Heron BBS  (VIDEO)

Pandion haliaetus; Osprey – BBS  – AR-WP      (VIDEO)  (VIDEO)


Passer domesticus; House Sparrow (all areas visited)

Pelecanus occidentalis; Brown Pelican BBS – (alls shores)   (VIDEO)

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, Cliff Swallow

Phalacrocorax brasilianus; Neotropic Cormorant – BBS

Phoenicopterus ruber; Greater Flamengo  – MMK    (VIDEO)

Platalea ajaja; Roseate Spoonbill – APB    (VIDEO)

Plegadis falcinellus; Glossy Ibis  APB  (VIDEO)


Pluvialis squatarola; Grey Plover – APB

 Pluvialis squatarola1-PalmBeach-Aruba-21-5-17-ASilveira

Podilymbus podiceps; Pied-billed Grebe – BBS   (VIDEO)


Porzana carolina; Sora – BBS    (VIDEO)  (VIDEO)

Quiscalus lugubris; Carib Grackle (all areas visited)   (VIDEO)  (VIDEO)

 Quiscalus lugubris1-PalmBeachAruba-18-5-16-ASilveira

Quiscalus mexicanus; Great-tailed Grackle or Mexican Grackle  (recorded one female on beach on Palm Beach, area, 21-5-2014, and 18-5-2016 and male in 20-5-2016. photos below)

Quiscalus mexicanus2-PalmBeachAruba-18-5-16-ASilveira  Quiscalus mexicanus3-PBeach-Aruba-20-5-16-ASilveira

Rynchops niger; Black Skimmer  APB

Setophaga petechia rufopileata; Yellow Warbler (all areas visitad)    (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Setophaga ruticilla; American Redstart MMK

Sterna antillarum ; Least Tern  (all shores)

Sterna hirundo; Common Tern (all shores)

Sublegatus arenarum; Northern Scrub-Flycatcher  – BBS

Sula leucogaster; Brown Booby    (alls shores)


Thalasseus acuflavidus, Cabot’s tern

Thalasseus acuflavidus eurygnatha, Cayenne Tern  ARASHI

Sterna (sandvichensis) eurygnatha8-Arashi-Aruba-26-5-17-ASilveira

Thalasseus maxima; Royal Tern (alls shores)

Tiaris bicolor; Black-faced Grassquit (all areas visited)   (VIDEO) (VOICE)

Tringa flavipes; Lesser Yellowlegs – APB  (VIDEO)

Tringa melanoleuca; Greater Yellowlegs – APB

Tringa solitaria; Solitary Sandpiper – APB   

Tyrannus dominicensis; Grey Kingbird (all areas visited)   (VIDEO)


Tyrannus melancholicus: Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus, Eastern Kingbird  BBS

Vanellus chilensis; Southern Lapwing – APB – BBS  (VIDEO)

Zenaida auriculata vinaceorufa; Eared Dove (all areas visited)   (VIDEO)

Zonotrichia capensis; Rufous-collared Sparrow  – HPB


Besides the birds we have seen some lizards, including the Iguana, common in natural areas of hotels, Aruba Blue lizard (Cnemidophorus arubensis), endemic to the island, but common in almost all places and frogs (Pleurodema brachyops) as the photos below. On 23/11/2011, we heard the night in a temporary pond in the Palm Beach region of the vocalizations of Bufo marinus (GiantToad), recently introduced on the island.

Faced with what we saw and found so far, Aruba is very interesting in terms of ornithological what motivates us to go back to learn more about their birds.

We thank company of my wife Gianine Luiza.


Beaches and wetlands of Palm Beach

Malmok Beach and region

Bubaliplas (Bird Sanctuary)

Arikok National Park

Fauna (some others animals) of Aruba

Iguana iguana; Green Iguana

Pleurodema brachyops; Colombian Four-eyed Frog (inglês); Sapito Lipon (espanhol); Dori (holandês);  Sapu (papiamento) (Aruba, Caribe)

Cnemidophorus arubensis (Codoto; Aruba whitptail)

Ameiva bifrontata (Cope’s Ameiva)

Donkey (Equus asinus asinus; Feral Donkey)


See ours records in THE INTERNET BIRD COLLECTION and  our channel in YOUTUBE

See in PDF : BIRDING IN ARUBA,by Antonio Silveira

VIDEOS: Conhecendo o Bubali Plas, Aruba, Nov.2016, Antonio Silveira

                   Some videos of Aruba (birds, lizards, places etc) by Antonio Silveira


The author Antonio Silveira in field:

as5-bubaliaruba-10-11-16-asilveira AS-2-Aruba-21-5-17-ASilveira


Antonio Silveira: last update: 21/11/2016, 24-11-2016,  28-5-2017, 26-11-2017, 25-4-2023. 03-10-2023. 28-11-2023

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