SAÍRAS, GATURAMOS, SANHAÇOS E AFINS DO BRASIL

 

 

 

 

 

Sem sombra de dúvidas as espécies que compõem a família do traupídeos (ou subfamília Thraupinae da família Emberezidae), como as saíras e gaturamos, estão entre as aves mais coloridas e bonitas do nosso país.

A família thraupidae ocorre nas Américas (região Neotropical), sendo uma das maiores famílias americanas.

As aves do gênero Tangara, conhecidas por saíras, são de extrema delicadeza e beleza, pois ostentam uma variedade de cores incríveis.

Os traupídeos são aves insetívoras e frugívoras, na sua grande maioria.

A vocalização normalmente compõe-se de um chiado, nada melodioso. Talvez para “ compensar a belezas destas aves”.

Espécies que ocorrem no Brasil:

- Família Thraupinae (tanager)

  • - Orchesticus abeillei,, Brown Tanager
  • - Schistochlamys ruficapillus, Cinnamon Tanager
  • - Schistochlamys melanopis, Black-faced Tanager
  • - Neothraupis fasciata; White-banded Tanager
  • - Cypsnagra hirundinacea, White-rumped Tanager
  • - Conothraupis mesoleuca, Cone-billed Tanager
  • - Conothraupis speculigera, Black-and-white Tanager
  • - Lamprospiza melanoleuca, Red-billed Pied Tanager
  • - Cissopis leveriana, Magpie Tanager
  • - Sericossypha loricata, Scarlet-throated Tanager
  • - Pyrrhocoma ruficeps; Chestnut-headed Tanager
  • - Thlypopsis sordida; Orange-headed Tanager
  • - Hemithraupis guira; Guira Tanager
  • - Hemithraupis ruficapilla , Rufous-headed Tanager
  • - Hemithraupis flavicollis, Yellow-backed Tanager
  • - Nemosia pileata, Hooded Tanager
  • - Nemosia rourei; Cherry-throated Tanager
  • - Mitrospingus oleagineus; Olive-backed tanager
  • - Orthogonys chloricterus; Olive-green Tanager
  • - Eucometis penicillata; Grey-headed Tanager
  • - Lanio fulvus; Fulvous Shrike-Tanager
  • - Lanio versicolor; White-winged Shrike-Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus cristatus; Flame-crested Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus nattereri; “Natterer’s” Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus surinamus; Fulvous-crested Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus phoenicius; Red-shouldered Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus rufiventer; Yellow-crested Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus luctuosus; White-shouldered Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus coronatu; Ruby-crowned Tanager
  • - Tachyphonus rufus; White-lined Tanager
  • - Tricothraupis melanops; Black-goggled Tanager
  • - Habia rubica; Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
  • - Piranga flava; Lowland Hepatic-Tanager
  • - Piranga rubra; Summer Tanager
  • - Piranga olivacea; Scarlet Tanager
  • - Piranga leucopter; White-winged Tanager
  • - Ramphocelus nigrogularis; Masked Crimson Tanager
  • - Ramphocelus carbo; Silver-beaked Tanager
  • - Ramphocelus bresilius; Brazilian Tanager
  • - Thraupis episcopus; Blue-grey Tanager
  • - Thraupis sayaca; Sayaca Tanager
  • - Thraupis cyanoptera; Azure-shouldered Tanager
  • - Thraupis ornata; Golden-chevroned Tanager
  • - Thraupis palmarum; Palm Tanager
  • - Thraupis bonariensis; Blue-and-yellow Tanager
  • - Cyanicterus cyanicterus; Blue-backed Tanager
  • - Stephanophorus diadematus; Diademed Tanager
  • - Pipraeidea melanota; Fawn-breasted Tanager
  • - Euphonia plumbea; Plumbeous Euphonia
  • - Euphonia chlorotica; Purple-throated Euphonia
  • - Euphonia finschi; Finsch’s Euphonia
  • - Euphonia violacea; Violaceous Euphonia
  • - Euphonia laniirostris; Thick-billed Euphonia
  • - Euphonia chalybea; Green-chinned (-throated) Euphonia
  • - Euphonia cyanocephala;Golden-rumped Euphonia
  • - Euphonia chrysopasta; White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia
  • - Euphonia minuta; White-vented Euphonia
  • - Euphonia xanthogaster; Orange-bellied Euphonia
  • - Euphonia rufiventris; Rufous-bellied Euphonia
  • - Euphonia pectoralis; Chestnut-bellied Euphonia
  • - Euphonia cayenennsis; Golden-sided Euphonia
  • - Chlorophonia cyanea; Blue-naped Chlorophonia
  • - Tangara mexicana; Turquoise Tanager
  • - Tangara chilensis; Paradise Tanager
  • - Tangara fastuosa; Seven-coloured Tanager
  • - Tangara seledon; Green-headed Tanager
  • - Tangara cyanocephala; Red-necked Tanager
  • - Tangara desmaresti; Brassy-breasted Tanager
  • - Tangara cyanoventris; Gilt-edged Tanager
  • - Tangara schrankii; Green-and-gold Tanager
  • - Tangara punctata; Spotted Tanager
  • - Tangara guttata; Speckled Tanager
  • - Tangara xanthogastra; Yellow-bellied Tanager
  • - Tangara varia; Dotted Tanager
  • - Tangara gyrola; Bay-headed Tanager
  • - Tangara cayana; Burnished-buff Tanager
  • - Tangara peruviana; Black-backed Tanager
  • - Tangara cyanicollis ; Blue-necked Tanager
  • - Tangara nigrocincta; Masked Tanager
  • - Tangara cyanoptera; Black-headed Tanager
  • - Tangara velia; Opal-rumped Tanager
  • - Tangara callophrys; Opal-crowned Tanager
  • - Dacnis albiventris; White-bellied Dacnis
  • - Dacnis lineata; Black-faced Dacnis
  • - Dacnis flaviventer; Yellow-bellied Dacnis
  • - Dacnis nigripes; Black-legged Dacnis
  • - Dacnis cayana; Blue Dacnis
  • - Chlorophanes spiza; Green Honeycreeper
  • - Cyanerpes nitidus; Short-billed Honeycreeper
  • - Cyanerpes caeruleus; Purple Honeycreeper
  • - Cyanerpes cyaneus; Red-legged Honeycreeper
  • - Diglossa major; Greater Flower-piercer
  • - Diglossa duidae; Scaled Flower-piercer
  • - Conirostrum speciosum; Chestnut-vented Conebill
  • - Conirostrum bicolor; Bicoloured Conebill
  • - Conirostrum margaritae; Pearly-breasted Conebill
  • - Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager

 

Obs: Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager – para alguns ornitólogos esta espécie pertence à família Tersinidae

Bibliografia consultada

DUNNING, JOHN S. South American Birds. A Photographic Aid to Identification. Harrowood Books.1987.

HOWARD, RICHARD and MOORE, ALICE. A complete checklist of the

birds of the world. Academic Press.1991.

SCHAUENSEE, RODOLPHE MEYER DE . A guide to the birds of South America. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philalphia. 1970.

SICK, Helmut. Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira, 1997

SOUZA, DEODATO. Todas as aves do Brasil. Editora DALL. 1998

Sem sombra de dúvidas as espécies que compõem a família do traupídeos (ou subfamília Thraupinae da família Emberezidae), como as saíras e gaturamos, estão entre as aves mais coloridas e bonitas do nosso país.

 

A família thraupidae ocorre nas Américas (região Neotropical), sendo uma das maiores famílias americanas.

As aves do gênero Tangara, conhecidas por saíras, são de extrema delicadeza e beleza, pois ostentam uma variedade de cores incríveis.

Os traupídeos são aves insetívoras e frugívoras, na sua grande maioria.

A vocalização normalmente compõe-se de um chiado, nada melodioso. Talvez para “ compensar a belezas destas aves”.

Espécies que ocorrem no Brasil:

- Família Thraupinae (tanager)

- Orchesticus abeillei,, Brown Tanager

- Schistochlamys ruficapillus, Cinnamon Tanager

- Schistochlamys melanopis, Black-faced Tanager

- Neothraupis fasciata; White-banded Tanager

- Cypsnagra hirundinacea, White-rumped Tanager

- Conothraupis mesoleuca, Cone-billed Tanager

- Conothraupis speculigera, Black-and-white Tanager

- Lamprospiza melanoleuca, Red-billed Pied Tanager

- Cissopis leveriana, Magpie Tanager

- Sericossypha loricata, Scarlet-throated Tanager

- Pyrrhocoma ruficeps; Chestnut-headed Tanager

- Thlypopsis sordida; Orange-headed Tanager

- Hemithraupis guira; Guira Tanager

- Hemithraupis ruficapilla , Rufous-headed Tanager

- Hemithraupis flavicollis, Yellow-backed Tanager

- Nemosia pileata, Hooded Tanager

- Nemosia rourei; Cherry-throated Tanager

- Mitrospingus oleagineus; Olive-backed tanager

- Orthogonys chloricterus; Olive-green Tanager

- Eucometis penicillata; Grey-headed Tanager

- Lanio fulvus; Fulvous Shrike-Tanager

- Lanio versicolor; White-winged Shrike-Tanager

- Tachyphonus cristatus; Flame-crested Tanager

- Tachyphonus nattereri; “Natterer’s” Tanager

- Tachyphonus surinamus; Fulvous-crested Tanager

- Tachyphonus phoenicius; Red-shouldered Tanager

- Tachyphonus rufiventer; Yellow-crested Tanager

- Tachyphonus luctuosus; White-shouldered Tanager

- Tachyphonus coronatu; Ruby-crowned Tanager

- Tachyphonus rufus; White-lined Tanager

- Tricothraupis melanops; Black-goggled Tanager

- Habia rubica; Red-crowned Ant-Tanager

- Piranga flava; Lowland Hepatic-Tanager

- Piranga rubra; Summer Tanager

- Piranga olivacea; Scarlet Tanager

- Piranga leucopter; White-winged Tanager

- Ramphocelus nigrogularis; Masked Crimson Tanager

- Ramphocelus carbo; Silver-beaked Tanager

- Ramphocelus bresilius; Brazilian Tanager

- Thraupis episcopus; Blue-grey Tanager

- Thraupis sayaca; Sayaca Tanager

- Thraupis cyanoptera; Azure-shouldered Tanager

- Thraupis ornata; Golden-chevroned Tanager

- Thraupis palmarum; Palm Tanager

- Thraupis bonariensis; Blue-and-yellow Tanager

- Cyanicterus cyanicterus; Blue-backed Tanager

- Stephanophorus diadematus; Diademed Tanager

- Pipraeidea melanota; Fawn-breasted Tanager

- Euphonia plumbea; Plumbeous Euphonia

- Euphonia chlorotica; Purple-throated Euphonia

- Euphonia finschi; Finsch’s Euphonia

- Euphonia violacea; Violaceous Euphonia

- Euphonia laniirostris; Thick-billed Euphonia

- Euphonia chalybea; Green-chinned (-throated) Euphonia

- Euphonia cyanocephala;Golden-rumped Euphonia

- Euphonia chrysopasta; White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia

- Euphonia minuta; White-vented Euphonia

- Euphonia xanthogaster; Orange-bellied Euphonia

- Euphonia rufiventris; Rufous-bellied Euphonia

- Euphonia pectoralis; Chestnut-bellied Euphonia

- Euphonia cayenennsis; Golden-sided Euphonia

- Chlorophonia cyanea; Blue-naped Chlorophonia

- Tangara mexicana; Turquoise Tanager

- Tangara chilensis; Paradise Tanager

- Tangara fastuosa; Seven-coloured Tanager

- Tangara seledon; Green-headed Tanager

- Tangara cyanocephala; Red-necked Tanager

- Tangara desmaresti; Brassy-breasted Tanager

- Tangara cyanoventris; Gilt-edged Tanager

- Tangara schrankii; Green-and-gold Tanager

- Tangara punctata; Spotted Tanager

- Tangara guttata; Speckled Tanager

- Tangara xanthogastra; Yellow-bellied Tanager

- Tangara varia; Dotted Tanager

- Tangara gyrola; Bay-headed Tanager

- Tangara cayana; Burnished-buff Tanager

- Tangara peruviana; Black-backed Tanager

- Tangara cyanicollis ; Blue-necked Tanager

- Tangara nigrocincta; Masked Tanager

- Tangara cyanoptera; Black-headed Tanager

- Tangara velia; Opal-rumped Tanager

- Tangara callophrys; Opal-crowned Tanager

- Dacnis albiventris; White-bellied Dacnis

- Dacnis lineata; Black-faced Dacnis

- Dacnis flaviventer; Yellow-bellied Dacnis

- Dacnis nigripes; Black-legged Dacnis

- Dacnis cayana; Blue Dacnis

- Chlorophanes spiza; Green Honeycreeper

- Cyanerpes nitidus; Short-billed Honeycreeper

- Cyanerpes caeruleus; Purple Honeycreeper

- Cyanerpes cyaneus; Red-legged Honeycreeper

- Diglossa major; Greater Flower-piercer

- Diglossa duidae; Scaled Flower-piercer

- Conirostrum speciosum; Chestnut-vented Conebill

- Conirostrum bicolor; Bicoloured Conebill

- Conirostrum margaritae; Pearly-breasted Conebill

- Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager

Obs: Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager – para alguns ornitólogos esta espécie pertence à família Tersinidae

Bibliografia consultada

DUNNING, JOHN S. South American Birds. A Photographic Aid to Identification. Harrowood Books.1987.

HOWARD, RICHARD and MOORE, ALICE. A complete checklist of the

birds of the world. Academic Press.1991.

SCHAUENSEE, RODOLPHE MEYER DE . A guide to the birds of South America. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philalphia. 1970.

SICK, Helmut. Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira, 1997

SOUZA, DEODATO. Todas as aves do Brasil. Editora DALL. 1998

Temas Gerais

Temas Gerais Variados

Biblioteca

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  • Mais de 20 anos de existência
  • Parceria / Apoio
  • Registros por espécie/Records by species
  • Sons da Natureza/Sounds of Nature
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