SAÍRAS, GATURAMOS, SANHAÇOS E AFINS DO BRASIL

 

 

 

 

 

Sem sombra de dúvidas as espécies que compõem a família do traupídeos (ou subfamília Thraupinae da família Emberezidae), como as saíras e gaturamos, estão entre as aves mais coloridas e bonitas do nosso país.

A família thraupidae ocorre nas Américas (região Neotropical), sendo uma das maiores famílias americanas.

As aves do gênero Tangara, conhecidas por saíras, são de extrema delicadeza e beleza, pois ostentam uma variedade de cores incríveis.

Os traupídeos são aves insetívoras e frugívoras, na sua grande maioria.

A vocalização normalmente compõe-se de um chiado, nada melodioso. Talvez para “ compensar a belezas destas aves”.

Espécies que ocorrem no Brasil:

Família Thraupinae (tanager)

  • Orchesticus abeillei,, Brown Tanager
  • Schistochlamys ruficapillus, Cinnamon Tanager
  • Schistochlamys melanopis, Black-faced Tanager
  • Neothraupis fasciata; White-banded Tanager
  • Cypsnagra hirundinacea, White-rumped Tanager
  • Conothraupis mesoleuca, Cone-billed Tanager
  • Conothraupis speculigera, Black-and-white Tanager
  • Lamprospiza melanoleuca, Red-billed Pied Tanager
  • Cissopis leveriana, Magpie Tanager
  • Sericossypha loricata, Scarlet-throated Tanager
  • Pyrrhocoma ruficeps; Chestnut-headed Tanager
  • Thlypopsis sordida; Orange-headed Tanager
  • Hemithraupis guira; Guira Tanager
  • Hemithraupis ruficapilla , Rufous-headed Tanager
  • Hemithraupis flavicollis, Yellow-backed Tanager
  • Nemosia pileata, Hooded Tanager
  • Nemosia rourei; Cherry-throated Tanager
  • Mitrospingus oleagineus; Olive-backed tanager
  • Orthogonys chloricterus; Olive-green Tanager
  • Eucometis penicillata; Grey-headed Tanager
  • Lanio fulvus; Fulvous Shrike-Tanager
  • Lanio versicolor; White-winged Shrike-Tanager
  • Tachyphonus cristatus; Flame-crested Tanager
  • Tachyphonus nattereri; “Natterer’s” Tanager
  • Tachyphonus surinamus; Fulvous-crested Tanager
  • Tachyphonus phoenicius; Red-shouldered Tanager
  • Tachyphonus rufiventer; Yellow-crested Tanager
  • Tachyphonus luctuosus; White-shouldered Tanager
  • Tachyphonus coronatu; Ruby-crowned Tanager
  • Tachyphonus rufus; White-lined Tanager
  • Tricothraupis melanops; Black-goggled Tanager
  • Habia rubica; Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
  • Piranga flava; Lowland Hepatic-Tanager
  • Piranga rubra; Summer Tanager
  • Piranga olivacea; Scarlet Tanager
  • Piranga leucopter; White-winged Tanager
  • Ramphocelus nigrogularis; Masked Crimson Tanager
  • Ramphocelus carbo; Silver-beaked Tanager
  • Ramphocelus bresilius; Brazilian Tanager
  • Thraupis episcopus; Blue-grey Tanager
  • Thraupis sayaca; Sayaca Tanager
  • Thraupis cyanoptera; Azure-shouldered Tanager
  • Thraupis ornata; Golden-chevroned Tanager
  • Thraupis palmarum; Palm Tanager
  • Thraupis bonariensis; Blue-and-yellow Tanager
  • Cyanicterus cyanicterus; Blue-backed Tanager
  • Stephanophorus diadematus; Diademed Tanager
  • Pipraeidea melanota; Fawn-breasted Tanager
  • Euphonia plumbea; Plumbeous Euphonia
  • Euphonia chlorotica; Purple-throated Euphonia
  • Euphonia finschi; Finsch’s Euphonia
  • Euphonia violacea; Violaceous Euphonia
  • Euphonia laniirostris; Thick-billed Euphonia
  • Euphonia chalybea; Green-chinned (-throated) Euphonia
  • Euphonia cyanocephala;Golden-rumped Euphonia
  • Euphonia chrysopasta; White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia
  • Euphonia minuta; White-vented Euphonia
  • Euphonia xanthogaster; Orange-bellied Euphonia
  • Euphonia rufiventris; Rufous-bellied Euphonia
  • Euphonia pectoralis; Chestnut-bellied Euphonia
  • Euphonia cayenennsis; Golden-sided Euphonia
  • Chlorophonia cyanea; Blue-naped Chlorophonia
  • Tangara mexicana; Turquoise Tanager
  • Tangara chilensis; Paradise Tanager
  • Tangara fastuosa; Seven-coloured Tanager
  • Tangara seledon; Green-headed Tanager
  • Tangara cyanocephala; Red-necked Tanager
  • Tangara desmaresti; Brassy-breasted Tanager
  • Tangara cyanoventris; Gilt-edged Tanager
  • Tangara schrankii; Green-and-gold Tanager
  • Tangara punctata; Spotted Tanager
  • Tangara guttata; Speckled Tanager
  • Tangara xanthogastra; Yellow-bellied Tanager
  • Tangara varia; Dotted Tanager
  • Tangara gyrola; Bay-headed Tanager
  • Tangara cayana; Burnished-buff Tanager
  • Tangara peruviana; Black-backed Tanager
  • Tangara cyanicollis ; Blue-necked Tanager
  • Tangara nigrocincta; Masked Tanager
  • Tangara cyanoptera; Black-headed Tanager
  • Tangara velia; Opal-rumped Tanager
  • Tangara callophrys; Opal-crowned Tanager
  • Dacnis albiventris; White-bellied Dacnis
  • Dacnis lineata; Black-faced Dacnis
  • Dacnis flaviventer; Yellow-bellied Dacnis
  • Dacnis nigripes; Black-legged Dacnis
  • Dacnis cayana; Blue Dacnis
  • Chlorophanes spiza; Green Honeycreeper
  • Cyanerpes nitidus; Short-billed Honeycreeper
  • Cyanerpes caeruleus; Purple Honeycreeper
  • Cyanerpes cyaneus; Red-legged Honeycreeper
  • Diglossa major; Greater Flower-piercer
  • Diglossa duidae; Scaled Flower-piercer
  • Conirostrum speciosum; Chestnut-vented Conebill
  • Conirostrum bicolor; Bicoloured Conebill
  • Conirostrum margaritae; Pearly-breasted Conebill
  • Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager

 

Obs: Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager – para alguns ornitólogos esta espécie pertence à família Tersinidae

Bibliografia consultada

DUNNING, JOHN S. South American Birds. A Photographic Aid to Identification. Harrowood Books.1987.

HOWARD, RICHARD and MOORE, ALICE. A complete checklist of the

birds of the world. Academic Press.1991.

SCHAUENSEE, RODOLPHE MEYER DE . A guide to the birds of South America. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philalphia. 1970.

SICK, Helmut. Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira, 1997

SOUZA, DEODATO. Todas as aves do Brasil. Editora DALL. 1998

Sem sombra de dúvidas as espécies que compõem a família do traupídeos (ou subfamília Thraupinae da família Emberezidae), como as saíras e gaturamos, estão entre as aves mais coloridas e bonitas do nosso país.

 

A família thraupidae ocorre nas Américas (região Neotropical), sendo uma das maiores famílias americanas.

As aves do gênero Tangara, conhecidas por saíras, são de extrema delicadeza e beleza, pois ostentam uma variedade de cores incríveis.

Os traupídeos são aves insetívoras e frugívoras, na sua grande maioria.

A vocalização normalmente compõe-se de um chiado, nada melodioso. Talvez para “ compensar a belezas destas aves”.

Espécies que ocorrem no Brasil:

Família Thraupinae (tanager)

Orchesticus abeillei,, Brown Tanager

Schistochlamys ruficapillus, Cinnamon Tanager

Schistochlamys melanopis, Black-faced Tanager

Neothraupis fasciata; White-banded Tanager

Cypsnagra hirundinacea, White-rumped Tanager

Conothraupis mesoleuca, Cone-billed Tanager

Conothraupis speculigera, Black-and-white Tanager

Lamprospiza melanoleuca, Red-billed Pied Tanager

Cissopis leveriana, Magpie Tanager

Sericossypha loricata, Scarlet-throated Tanager

Pyrrhocoma ruficeps; Chestnut-headed Tanager

Thlypopsis sordida; Orange-headed Tanager

Hemithraupis guira; Guira Tanager

Hemithraupis ruficapilla , Rufous-headed Tanager

Hemithraupis flavicollis, Yellow-backed Tanager

Nemosia pileata, Hooded Tanager

Nemosia rourei; Cherry-throated Tanager

Mitrospingus oleagineus; Olive-backed tanager

Orthogonys chloricterus; Olive-green Tanager

Eucometis penicillata; Grey-headed Tanager

Lanio fulvus; Fulvous Shrike-Tanager

Lanio versicolor; White-winged Shrike-Tanager

Tachyphonus cristatus; Flame-crested Tanager

Tachyphonus nattereri; “Natterer’s” Tanager

Tachyphonus surinamus; Fulvous-crested Tanager

Tachyphonus phoenicius; Red-shouldered Tanager

Tachyphonus rufiventer; Yellow-crested Tanager

Tachyphonus luctuosus; White-shouldered Tanager

Tachyphonus coronatu; Ruby-crowned Tanager

Tachyphonus rufus; White-lined Tanager

Tricothraupis melanops; Black-goggled Tanager

Habia rubica; Red-crowned Ant-Tanager

Piranga flava; Lowland Hepatic-Tanager

Piranga rubra; Summer Tanager

Piranga olivacea; Scarlet Tanager

Piranga leucopter; White-winged Tanager

Ramphocelus nigrogularis; Masked Crimson Tanager

Ramphocelus carbo; Silver-beaked Tanager

Ramphocelus bresilius; Brazilian Tanager

Thraupis episcopus; Blue-grey Tanager

Thraupis sayaca; Sayaca Tanager

Thraupis cyanoptera; Azure-shouldered Tanager

Thraupis ornata; Golden-chevroned Tanager

Thraupis palmarum; Palm Tanager

Thraupis bonariensis; Blue-and-yellow Tanager

Cyanicterus cyanicterus; Blue-backed Tanager

Stephanophorus diadematus; Diademed Tanager

Pipraeidea melanota; Fawn-breasted Tanager

Euphonia plumbea; Plumbeous Euphonia

Euphonia chlorotica; Purple-throated Euphonia

Euphonia finschi; Finsch’s Euphonia

Euphonia violacea; Violaceous Euphonia

Euphonia laniirostris; Thick-billed Euphonia

Euphonia chalybea; Green-chinned (-throated) Euphonia

Euphonia cyanocephala;Golden-rumped Euphonia

Euphonia chrysopasta; White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia

Euphonia minuta; White-vented Euphonia

Euphonia xanthogaster; Orange-bellied Euphonia

Euphonia rufiventris; Rufous-bellied Euphonia

Euphonia pectoralis; Chestnut-bellied Euphonia

Euphonia cayenennsis; Golden-sided Euphonia

Chlorophonia cyanea; Blue-naped Chlorophonia

Tangara mexicana; Turquoise Tanager

Tangara chilensis; Paradise Tanager

Tangara fastuosa; Seven-coloured Tanager

Tangara seledon; Green-headed Tanager

Tangara cyanocephala; Red-necked Tanager

Tangara desmaresti; Brassy-breasted Tanager

Tangara cyanoventris; Gilt-edged Tanager

Tangara schrankii; Green-and-gold Tanager

Tangara punctata; Spotted Tanager

Tangara guttata; Speckled Tanager

Tangara xanthogastra; Yellow-bellied Tanager

Tangara varia; Dotted Tanager

Tangara gyrola; Bay-headed Tanager

Tangara cayana; Burnished-buff Tanager

Tangara peruviana; Black-backed Tanager

Tangara cyanicollis ; Blue-necked Tanager

Tangara nigrocincta; Masked Tanager

Tangara cyanoptera; Black-headed Tanager

Tangara velia; Opal-rumped Tanager

Tangara callophrys; Opal-crowned Tanager

Dacnis albiventris; White-bellied Dacnis

Dacnis lineata; Black-faced Dacnis

Dacnis flaviventer; Yellow-bellied Dacnis

Dacnis nigripes; Black-legged Dacnis

Dacnis cayana; Blue Dacnis

Chlorophanes spiza; Green Honeycreeper

Cyanerpes nitidus; Short-billed Honeycreeper

Cyanerpes caeruleus; Purple Honeycreeper

Cyanerpes cyaneus; Red-legged Honeycreeper

Diglossa major; Greater Flower-piercer

Diglossa duidae; Scaled Flower-piercer

Conirostrum speciosum; Chestnut-vented Conebill

Conirostrum bicolor; Bicoloured Conebill

Conirostrum margaritae; Pearly-breasted Conebill

Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager

Obs: Tersina viridis; Swallow-Tanager – para alguns ornitólogos esta espécie pertence à família Tersinidae

Bibliografia consultada

DUNNING, JOHN S. South American Birds. A Photographic Aid to Identification. Harrowood Books.1987.

HOWARD, RICHARD and MOORE, ALICE. A complete checklist of the

birds of the world. Academic Press.1991.

SCHAUENSEE, RODOLPHE MEYER DE . A guide to the birds of South America. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philalphia. 1970.

SICK, Helmut. Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira, 1997

SOUZA, DEODATO. Todas as aves do Brasil. Editora DALL. 1998

Temas Gerais

Temas Gerais Variados

Biblioteca

  • Atividades
  • Expediente
  • Mais de 20 anos de existência
  • Parceria / Apoio
  • Registros por espécie/Records by species
  • Sons da Natureza/Sounds of Nature
  • Videos

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