Brazil is situated in the central oriental area of the South
America, having as limits all of the South American countries,
except to Equator and Chile. It is practically inside of the
intertropical zone (92% of its territory).
extension: With its
8,511,965 km2, Brazil is the most extensive country of South
America, third of Americas and fifth of the world, losing only for
the Soviet Union (22,402,200 km2), Canada (9,970,610 km2), China
(9,517,300 km2) and the United States (9,372,614 km2).
coast: Bathed for the
Atlantic Ocean, Brazilian coast has 9,198 km of extension, with
innumerable reentrance with beaches, fallacies, fens, dunes, reefs,
bays, restingas etc. Practically all the year Brazilian coast
possess favorable conditions for navigation.
Its capital is Brasilia (DF), that it is in the state of Goiás
and has about 1.841.028 inhabitants.
São Paulo (SP): 9,839,066 inhabitants
Rio De Janeiro (RJ): 5,551,538 inhabitants
Salvador (BA): 2.211.539 inhabitants
Belo Horizonte (MG): 2.091.371 inhabitants
Recife (PE): 1.346.045 inhabitants
Porto Alegre (RS): 1,288,879 inhabitants
Paulo is considered the 4th most populous city of the world.
In the great Brazilian cities there still is
formation of originated places of poverty originated from the
internal migratory shifts and the work in the constructions and
for the illusion of a better life in the cosmopolitan areas and
for the lack of efficient public politics, beyond the lack of
mounts of money enough to decrease the problem.
Hydrical wealth: Brazil is very rich in
hydrical terms, therefore besides possessing innumerable rivers it
has the second biggest river of the world, the Amazon River.
It possess four great hydrical basins:
Amazonian Basin: It is the biggest hydrical
basin of the world, with 3.984.467 km2 in Brazilian lands. The
Amazon river is the main one with 6.570 km, of which 3,165 km is
placed in Brazilian territory. Its average width is of 4 the 5 km,
arriving in some more than the 50 stretches km
Tocantins-Araguaia Basin: Biggest Brazilian basin,
occupying an area of 803.250 Km2. It is third of the country in
hydrical potential and is navigable in many stretches.
Basin of San Francisco: Its extension is
631.133 km2, being equivalent to 7.5% of the Brazilian territory.
It s navigable in about 2.000 Km and it has great hydroelectric
potential. It allows the practical of agriculture in its margins
and offers conditions for the artificial irrigation of more
Basin Platinum: Formed by the basins of the
Paraná River (most extensive and with the greater hydroelectric
potential installed in Brazil), of the Paraguay River (with more
than 2000 km of extension) and of the Uruguay River (with 1500 km
of extension). There still are some secondary basins that are
constituted of great rivers, as the Jaguaribe rivers in Ceará;
Parnaíba in the verge of the states of Maranhão and of Piauí.;
Ribeira de Iguape and Paraíba do Sul River in the state of São
Paulo; Itajaí in Santa Catarina etc.
Brazil still possesses significant forested areas.
It has the biggest forest of the world, the
Amazonian Forest with more than 6 million km2 inside of its
territory, occupying the States of Amazon, Acre, Amapá, Pará,
Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins, and Mato Grosso and west of Maranhão).
This forest possess incalculable wealth to explore of sustainable
form being potential wooden supplier, medicinal grass, tourist
potential etc. In the Southeastern region we ca meet the last
stretches of Atlantic Wood, considered the richest forest of the
world in biodiversity for km2. But for being in the most populous
area of the country, it is under strong pressure and devastation.
Brazil is the country of bigger biodiversity of the world.
economy: The current Brazilian economy
is based on agriculture (cotton, rice, coffee, sugar cane, orange,
soy), cattle (bovine, swine, egging, birds), fishing, mining (bauxite,
iron, manganese, gold), industry (of hashing, of goods of
consumption and durable goods). Brazil is great exporter of ores
of iron and its concentrates, airplanes, chemical soy, folders
wooden, automobiles, footwear, orange juice, coffee etc.