Location: Brazil is situated in the central oriental area of the South America, having as limits all of the South American countries, except to Equator and Chile. It is practically inside of the intertropical zone (92% of its territory). 

Territorial extension: With its 8,511,965 km2, Brazil is the most extensive country of South America, third of Americas and fifth of the world, losing only for the Soviet Union (22,402,200 km2), Canada (9,970,610 km2), China (9,517,300 km2) and the United States (9,372,614 km2). 

Brazilian coast: Bathed for the Atlantic Ocean, Brazilian coast has 9,198 km of extension, with innumerable reentrance with beaches, fallacies, fens, dunes, reefs, bays, restingas etc. Practically all the year Brazilian coast possess favorable conditions for navigation. 

Capital: Its capital is Brasilia (DF), that it is in the state of Goiás and has about 1.841.028 inhabitants. 

Bigger cities: 
São Paulo (SP): 9,839,066 inhabitants 
Rio De Janeiro (RJ): 5,551,538 inhabitants
Salvador (BA): 2.211.539 inhabitants
Belo Horizonte (MG): 2.091.371 inhabitants
Recife (PE): 1.346.045 inhabitants
Porto Alegre (RS): 1,288,879 inhabitants 

São Paulo is considered the 4th most populous city of the world. 
In the great Brazilian cities there still is formation of originated places of poverty originated from the internal migratory shifts and the work in the constructions and for the illusion of a better life in the cosmopolitan areas and for the lack of efficient public politics, beyond the lack of mounts of money enough to decrease the problem. 

Natural wealth
Hydrical wealth: Brazil is very rich in hydrical terms, therefore besides possessing innumerable rivers it has the second biggest river of the world, the Amazon River. 
It possess four great hydrical basins: 
Amazonian Basin: It is the biggest hydrical basin of the world, with 3.984.467 km2 in Brazilian lands. The Amazon river is the main one with 6.570 km, of which 3,165 km is placed in Brazilian territory. Its average width is of 4 the 5 km, arriving in some more than the 50 stretches km 
Tocantins-Araguaia Basin: Biggest Brazilian basin, occupying an area of 803.250 Km2. It is third of the country in hydrical potential and is navigable in many stretches. 
Basin of San Francisco: Its extension is 631.133 km2, being equivalent to 7.5% of the Brazilian territory. It s navigable in about 2.000 Km and it has great hydroelectric potential. It allows the practical of agriculture in its margins and offers conditions for the artificial irrigation of more distant areas. 
Basin Platinum: Formed by the basins of the Paraná River (most extensive and with the greater hydroelectric potential installed in Brazil), of the Paraguay River (with more than 2000 km of extension) and of the Uruguay River (with 1500 km of extension). There still are some secondary basins that are constituted of great rivers, as the Jaguaribe rivers in Ceará; Parnaíba in the verge of the states of Maranhão and of Piauí.; Ribeira de Iguape and Paraíba do Sul River in the state of São Paulo; Itajaí in Santa Catarina etc. 
Forest wealth: 
Brazil still possesses significant forested areas. 
It has the biggest forest of the world, the Amazonian Forest with more than 6 million km2 inside of its territory, occupying the States of Amazon, Acre, Amapá, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima, Tocantins, and Mato Grosso and west of Maranhão). This forest possess incalculable wealth to explore of sustainable form being potential wooden supplier, medicinal grass, tourist potential etc. In the Southeastern region we ca meet the last stretches of Atlantic Wood, considered the richest forest of the world in biodiversity for km2. But for being in the most populous area of the country, it is under strong pressure and devastation.

Biodiversity: Brazil is the country of bigger biodiversity of the world. 

Brazilian economy: The current Brazilian economy is based on agriculture (cotton, rice, coffee, sugar cane, orange, soy), cattle (bovine, swine, egging, birds), fishing, mining (bauxite, iron, manganese, gold), industry (of hashing, of goods of consumption and durable goods). Brazil is great exporter of ores of iron and its concentrates, airplanes, chemical soy, folders wooden, automobiles, footwear, orange juice, coffee etc. 

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